Surgery to remove breast cancer. There are two main types of surgery to remove breast cancer: Breast-conserving surgery (also called a lumpectomy, quadrantectomy, partial mastectomy, or segmental mastectomy) – A surgery in which only the part of the breast containing the cancer is removed. The goal is to remove the cancer as well as some surrounding normal e-witch.info Revised: August 18, The first step and most common form of treatment for breast cancer is surgery. Surgery involves removing the tumor and nearby margins. The margin is the surrounding tissue that might be cancerous. The goal of surgery is to remove not only the tumor, but also enough of the margin to be able to test for the spread of the cancer.
Parts of the breast where cancer begins include: Milk ducts. Ductal carcinoma is the most common type of breast cancer. This type of cancer forms in the lining of a milk duct within your breast. The ducts carry breast milk from the lobules, where it's made, to the nipple. The most common type of breast cancer begins in the milk ducts of the breast. The second most common type originates in the breast’s lobules, or glands that produce milk. These are both invasive—or infiltrating—cancers, meaning that they spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
Breast cancer surgery is generally considered safe, but as with any surgery, there are risks. Possible problems include: Infection. Hematoma.A build-up of blood under your skin. Seroma. A build-up of fluid under your skin. Lymphedema. Swelling . Reaction to anesthesia: Most breast cancer surgery is done under general anesthesia, and carries a small risk of complications. Seroma: A seroma is a collection of fluid in the area where your breast tissue was removed. The purpose of drains is to remove this fluid, but, even with drains, a seroma may sometimes occur.